by Will R. Huysman Careful examination of the writings of the Cappadocian Fathers reveals that they agree with the doctrine of Filioque. St. Basil the Great (†379) writes in Epistle 214:4, "In God, whatever appertains to nature is common … but the Person is known by the character of paternity, or filiation, or sanctifying power."{1} […]


by Will R. Huysman 1. In the ontological Trinity, the person of the Father, through and with the person of the Son, eternally spirates the person of the Holy Spirit in one spiration as from one principle (cf. Denzinger 460, 463, 691,1084). 2. That the Son sends the Holy Spirit [John 15:26] means He has […]


(Taken from Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief) The Nicene Creed as formulated at the Council of Constantinople in A.D. 381 confesses faith “in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and life-giver, Who proceeds from the Father.” John Leith notes: In the West the original text “who proceeds from the Father” was altered to read […]

Filioque Controversy[1]

“But of all it is the unity of the Trinity which must be in danger at every point by the denial of the filioque,” Karl Barth George Conger The decision to keep the filioque clause in “Texts for Common Prayer” represents a victory of common sense over special interests writes George Conger and is a […]


Benjamin Myers     [ source] In theology, Eastern Orthodoxy is the new black. These days it’s harder and harder to find any serious Protestant commitment to the western confession of filioque.  The denomination in which I’m teaching, for instance, omits the filioque from liturgical confessions of the Nicene Creed. In recent Protestant theology, reluctance to confess […]


by Marc A. Pugliese The point of the filioque is that the Son is also the source of the Holy Spirit along with the Father. The Holy Spirit receives the divine essence not only from the Father, but also from the Son. In the West it has been proper to make the distinction that the […]


SOURCE : Catechism of the Catholic Church 245      The apostolic faith concerning the Spirit was confessed by the second ecumenical council at Constantinople (381): “We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and giver of life, who proceeds from the Father.”71 By this confession, the Church recognizes the Father as “the source and origin of […]


The doctrine of the Filioque teaches that the Spirit proceeds from the Father “and the Son.” That the Western church should not unilaterally have added this phrase to the text of an ecumenically dogmatized creed is now widely agreed, 23 but the problems of order involved in redressing the fault are not here our concern. […]


 Avery Dulles, S.J.  (CONCORDIA THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, Volume 59: Numbers 1-2) The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, together with the Apostles’  Creed and the Athanasian Creed, is one of the “three chief symbols” recognized in the Lutheran Book of Concord. In many churches, including the Roman Catholic, the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (which will henceforth be called simply the Nicene Creed) […]


W.G.T Shedd, & Gomes, A. W. (2003). Dogmatic theology. “First one-volume edition (3 vols. in 1)”–Jacket. (3rd ed.) (270). Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Pub. The deity of the Holy Spirit is proved by the nature of his spiration and procession. It is marked by the same characteristics with those of the generation of the […]


The Western Fathers and three of the Greeks taught the Filioque; the whole Latin patristic tradition does, starting with Tertullian (in his Catholic period), down to Isidore of Seville, the last Father in the West, and three Eastern Fathers: Cyril of Alexandria, Didymus of Alexandria, and Epiphanius. The Greek Fathers taught “from the Father,” and […]


[taken from, Christian Theology : An Introduction] One of the most significant events in the early history of the church was the achievement of broad agreement throughout the Roman Empire, both east and west, on the text and leading ideas of the Nicene creed (325). This document was intended to bring doctrinal stability to the […]


by Dr. Robert L. Reymond (taken from A New Systematic Theology of the Christian Faith) Consumed as the Nicene Council was with working out the doctrine of the person of the Son over against the claims of the Arians, it said nothing about the Holy Spirit beyond the simple declaration that the Church believed in […]


  by John Starke  [source] The division between the Western Church (which now includes Roman Catholicism and Protestantism) and Eastern Orthodoxy in 1054 wasn’t caused by debates over the deity of Christ or, even, justification by faith. It was over something much more subtle; something we call the filioque clause. You may be familiar with […]


The Filioque Controversy by George A. Ferch Since 1054 a line of division has cut through Christianity. But the differences between Eastern and Western theology became pronounced first in 325. In 325 a controversy arose concerning the correct date for Easter and the use of images for religious purposes. The debate raged on for centuries. Other […]